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Sleeper Berth vs. Off-Duty - Hours of Service

October 28, 2023

Here we break down the differences between Sleeper Berth and Off-Duty hours-of-service duty statuses in a simple and easy-to-understand way.

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As a truck driver, navigating the Hours of Service regulations can sometimes feel like a maze. In this post, you'll learn all you need to get up to date with split-sleeper rules on the road.

Sleeper Berth & Off-Duty Duty Status: What's the Difference?

Sleeper berth and off-duty periods can be used strategically to reset your shift particularly when it comes to resetting your hours-of-service daily limits.

The daily driving limits typically restricts the number of hours you can drive within a 24-hour period. To reset this limit, you have a couple of options:

  • Off-Duty or Sleeper Berth Reset: If you've been off-duty or on Sleeper Berth for at least 10 consecutive hours, your daily driving limit is reset. This means you can start a new driving shift with a fresh set of hours available to you. For example, if you completed your previous driving shift, spent 10 hours off-duty, you can start a new shift with a full daily driving limit.
Read more about daily driving & on-duty HOS limits here: HOS Driving & On-Duty Time Limits

When to use Sleeper Berth or Off-Duty?

Both Sleeper Berth & Off-Duty can be used when you're not working

Use this duty status when you're completely off the clock and don't want your time to count against your driving limits. These duty status are used for when you are taking a break, enjoying a meal, or simply relaxing without worrying about work hours.

Sleeper Berth lets you use the Split-Sleeper provision

Imagine your sleeper berth as your cozy, little cabin on wheels. The Sleeper Berth duty status is used when you want to take advantage of Sleeper Berth rules, which allow you split up your rest period for more efficient work shifts. Instead of one long break, you can divide it into two periods: one at least 2 hours long and another at least 7 hours long.

  • Requirements: During your shorter sleeper berth break, you must spend it in the sleeper berth, and the other part of the break can be either in the sleeper berth or off-duty.
Read more about Split-Sleeper provision here: Split Sleeper Berth Rule - Guide & Examples

Understanding the difference between sleeper berth and off-duty time is essential for complying with HOS regulations, staying safe on the road, and avoiding penalties. So, the next time you're planning your rest breaks, remember the cozy sleeper berth and the freedom of being off-duty – they're your keys to a well-rested and compliant journey. Safe travels!

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